Will Shanghai pull gold price through $1,200?

Gold Today –New York closed at $1,187.20 on the 10th January after closing at $1,182.50 on the 9th January. London opened again at $1,190.40 today.

 Overall the dollar is stronger against global currencies today. Before London’s opening:

         The $: € was stronger at $1.0554: €1 from $1.0611: €1 yesterday.

         The Dollar index was stronger at 102.09 from 101.66 yesterday. 

         The Yen was weaker at 116.05: $1 from yesterday’s 115.40 against the dollar. 

         The Yuan was stronger at 6.9225: $1, from 6.9244: $1, yesterday. 

         The Pound Sterling was slightly stronger at $1.2156: £1 from yesterday’s $1.2150: £1.

 Yuan Gold Fix

Trade Date Contract Benchmark Price AM 1 gm Benchmark Price PM 1 gm
      2017    1    11

     2016    1    10

      2016  12    9

SHAU

SHAU

SHAU

/

267.22

265.27

/

268.41

265.71

$ equivalent 1oz @  $1: 6.9225

      $1: 6.9244

$1: 6.9329

  /

$1,200.65

$1,191.56

/

$1,205.99

$1,193.53

Please note that the Shanghai Fixes are for 1 gm of gold. From the Middle Eat eastward metric measurements are used against 0.9999 quality gold. [Please note that the 0.5% difference in price can be accounted for by the higher quality of Shanghai’s gold on which their gold price is based over London’s ‘good delivery’ standard of 0.995.]

 If Shanghai is leading the way for the gold price, we would expect London and New York to rise too. Consequently, the gold price needs to move to $1,200 for it to be in line with Shanghai now.

Shanghai on Tuesday was $13 higher than the close of New York. This morning London opened only $10.59 lower than yesterday’s Shanghai closing. And this strength in gold is happening while the dollar is rising and the Yuan slipping slightly.

Meanwhile the People’s Bank of China has reported a fall in its gold reserves of in December by 20.98 tonnes. Is this a change in direction of the PBoC? We don’t accept that for a second.  The Chinese authorities are rarely clear on such subjects and often don’t give a full picture of their situation, as it is not in their interests to do so. So this figure could be some sort of window dressing for our benefit. We know they use two agencies to hold gold on their behalf until it suits them to take the gold into reserves. They could easily have handed it back to the non-reporting one on a temporary basis. What we do know is that it is illegal to export gold from China. We also know that the SGE itself can hold gold and does not disclose it.

LBMA price setting:  The LBMA gold price setting was at $1,187.55 this morning against yesterday’s $1,183.20. 

The gold price in the euro was set higher at €1,128.31 after Friday’s €1,117.60 as the dollar strengthened.

Ahead of the opening of New York the gold price was trading at $1,188.15 and in the euro at €1,131.46.  At the same time, the silver price was trading at $16.77. 

Silver Today –Silver closed at $16.79 at New York’s close yesterday from $16.57 on the 9th January. 

Price Drivers

We decided to look at the gold market through the eyes of a non-professional at the gold market. It quickly became clear just how easy it was to be informed in a way that distorted the true picture and confuse investors.

For instance, when you hear that gold rose x% in sterling or y% in the dollar, that ignores the fact that the gold market is a global market where prices reflect the global market demand and supply eventually.

We would prefer to see, “the dollar fell against gold, or sterling fell against gold”, a reflection of currency performance, not gold’s performance.

As you have read in these reports the gold price is rising in all currencies at the moment, with both London and New York trying to catch up to Shanghai prices. New York and London have not moved up because of what Prime Minister May said, but that gold prices in sterling rose because of the pound’s fall.

No event in the U.S. has caused gold to move up this week. It has moved up because of global demand and supply factors. In China demand for gold is robust. In the U.S. there was a very big sale [nearly 9 tonnes] of gold in one day earlier this week, so if the gold price was driven by U.S. factors alone, the gold price would have fallen. It didn’t, it rose!

After all gold is a currency, it is both an asset and cash, globally.  

Relevant factors to the global gold price must not be local factors, unless they globally affect the gold price. Most that are attributed to moving the gold price just aren’t.

That’s why understanding just where gold’s pricing power lies is so important.

That’s why understanding currencies is so critical to understanding the gold price.

Gold ETFs – Yesterday, in New York, there were no sales from the SPDR gold ETF or any from the Gold Trust, leaving their respective holdings at 804.996 tonnes and 198.30 tonnes. 

As we said in an earlier report, “Substantial sales of gold on a daily basis are needed for New York to control the gold price”.

Julian D.W. Phillips 

 GoldForecaster.com | SilverForecaster.com | StockBridge Management Alliance 

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