By Stefan Gleason, President Money Metals Exchange
The gold:silver ratio hit a multi-year high of over 83:1 earlier this year. It has since come down to 73.4:1, as of Friday’s close, as silver has gained strength in this year’s rally. On a historical basis, silver remains a relative bargain compared to gold. The ratio has much further to fall in a major bull market.
Another important ratio is that of gold to platinum. To gauge whether platinum is trading at a premium or discount to gold, we can simply reverse the ratio. This year platinum traded at its deepest discount to gold since 1982. The platinum:gold ratio currently comes in at 0.8:1, meaning an ounce of platinum sells for 80% of what an ounce of gold commands.
When platinum’s discount gets to a multi-decade extreme, as it is now essentially, then precious metals investors have an incentive not only to favor platinum over gold – but to trade out of gold for platinum.
We certainly don’t recommend giving up a core position in gold. Gold has unique qualities as the ultimate, most recognized form of money. However, for those who have accumulated an outsized position in gold and hold little or no platinum, now may be an opportune time to trade some gold for some platinum.
Let’s take an example to illustrate the potential profit opportunity. You sell 10 ounces of gold (10 x $1,275 = $12,750), then use the proceeds to buy 12 ounces of platinum (12 x $994 = $11,928). In this example, based solely on the latest closing spot prices, you’d still have $822 cash left over. (In the real world, bid/ask spreads, premiums, and small transaction costs would apply.)
Let’s assume you wind up getting an exact even exchange of 10 gold ounces for 12 platinum ounces. Three years later, the ratio has risen from 0.8 to 1.2, around the historical average. Gold now trades at $2,000/oz and platinum 1.2 times that at $2,400. The ten gold ounces you sold would be worth $20,000. The 12 platinum ounces you bought are now worth $28,800. Thus, trading the platinum to gold ratio boosted your precious metals wealth by 44%!
This hypothetical should not be interpreted as a prediction of future price outcomes. It’s merely an illustration of one type of scenario that could play out.